Location on North Colonnade
    


1. St Gallicanus
The 140 Saints of the Colonnade
140. St Norbert

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North Front Opening

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Saints 1-21
Saints 22-44
Saints 45-70
Saints 71-96
Saints 97-119
Saints 120-140

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






St Gallicanus
Born - c. late third century
Died - c.317

Feastday - 25 June

Statue created - c.1670-1673
The statues of Galicanus and Norbert (140) were the last two placed on the curved sections of the colonnades. 

Sculptor - Lazzaro Morelli
Morelli was the most prolific of the artists working for Bernini on the colonnade statues, with over 45 of the saints attributed to him.

Height - 3.1 m. (10ft 4in) travertine
Gallicanus is represented as a Roman soldier.  He keeps his left hand on his shield and brings his right to his chest. This work joins a group of soldiers; Sts Didymus (32), Dionysus (96), Romanus (99), and Theodore (138).  There is also a stylistic correspondence with Sts. Peter Celestine (111)
and Francis Xavier (121).

Ovinius Gallicanus is considered the historical personage for this saint.  He was a Roman senator and probably the first Christian Roman consul.  He may be the same Gallicanus who donated to the cost of the Constantinian basilica at Ostia. His relics are at Rome in the church of Sant'Andrea della Valle

Due to a confusion with the historical record, scholars find unreliable, the story of a soldier martyr in Alexandria under Julian the Apostate.  Gallicanus was removed from the Roman Martyrology, 2001


St Gallicanus - Right Side

St Gallicanus statue after 2014 Restoration

As the first statue on the north (right) colonnade,
St. Gallicanus doesn't actually face into the Square,
but toward the front opening

 

 

 

 

Resources
The Book of Saints, 2002 Edited by Dom Basil Watkins, OSB
Le Statue Berniniani del Colonnato di San Pietro by Valentino Martinelli 1987 by de Luca Editore s.t.l.

 

 

 

 

Contact: stpetersbasilica@gmail.com

 

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