'Guide to the Vatican Necropolis' by Michele Basso,
Fabbrica di S. Pietro
of Cristo-Sole (Tomb M)
tomb of "Cristo Sole", that is Christ the
Sun, was discovered in 1574, during some excavations
beneath the Basilica. According to Tiberio Alfarano,
who meticulously copied the epitaph which has since
been lost, the tomb was built by the parents of the
deceased, Julius Tarpeianus.
pagan origin of the tomb is obvious because of the
presence of a cinerarium, although the three frescoes
on the ceiling and walls, which were decorated in
polychrome mosaics, are undoubtedly Christian.
is depicted on the vault in a chariot drawn by white
horses. The Good Shepherd was originally depicted
on one of the wall; the outline of a fisherman and
a biblical scene including Jonah appear on other walls.
vault and walls are decorated with grape vines.