R and R1
large part of tombs R and R1 is occupied
by the foundation wall of the Bernini canopy and by
sarcophagi place there during the time of Constantinian
construction. A paleo-Christian sarcophagus flanked
with the figures of Peter and Paul can be seen there
'Guide to the Vatican Necropolis' by Michele Basso,
Fabbrica di S. Pietro
the entrance of the Clivus one can see a stairway which
leads north towards Area Q; installed there in the Clivus
is a drain which serves as a conduit for rain water. It
is important from a chronological viewpoint; the tiles which
cover it bear the stamp of the factories of M. Aurelius
Caesar and Faustina Augusta. These stamps, therefore, help
fix the age of the drain and the famous "Red wall",
built at the same period as the "Clivus," shortly
after the middle of the second century.
the Clivus a series of steps proceed from south to north,
reaching an area of tombs designated as "Area Q".
In this area there are again tombs of interment, remains
of a mosaic pavement of large black and white marble pieces,
and several sarcophagi.
Basso. Guide to the Vatican Necropolis, Fabbrica di S.
Pietro in Vaticano, 1986
Margherita Guarducci, The
Tomb of St Peter, Hawthorn Books, 1960
John Evangelist Walsh,
The Bones of St Peter, New York, 1982
Toynbee and Perkins. The Shrine of St Peter and the Vatican
Excavations, London 1956
P. Zander. The Vatican Necropolis, in "Roma Sacra",
25, Roma 2003